Foothills Centre for Change Salmon Arm

foothills addiction wide

(I love these folks because they help others to recover. I copied all their web site text for your convenience. Enjoy. To go direct to their web site, click the link below.)


Helpful links for addicts:

Canada Wide Website For Alcoholics Anonymous

Greater Vancouver AA

BC Interior Health

BC Area Narcotics Anonymous

Narcotics Anonymous World Services

BC Area Cocaine Anonymous

Cocaine Anonymous World Services

Marijuana Anonymous World Services

Al-Anon Family Groups

Al-Anon Family Group meetings BC/Yukon Area

Problem Gambling/ Gamblers Anonymous

Codependants Anonymous

The Institute for Addiction Study

Sex Addicts Anonymous International Service Organization

Vancouver Area Sex Addicts Anonymous

Crystal Meth Anonymous

National Institute on Drug Abuse

Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration

Canadian Professional Counsellors Association, CPCA

College of Registered Psychiatric Nurses of British Colombia, CRPNBC

The House of Extra Measures
Web Site



Foothills Centre for Change
Salmon Arm, B.C.
Local: 250-804-6549
Toll Free: 1-844-366-8445

addiction solutions shuswap okanagan BC Canada

Foothills Centre for Change recognizes how challenging it can be to take that first step; reaching out for help. Our

Intake Advisers are awaiting your call, to assist you in the most caring and respectful manner.

Day Program Hours are Monday to Friday 8:30 – 4:00pm

Personalized Addiction Recovery & Counseling Programs
Foothills Centre for Change: Salmon Arm Addiction Treatment Centre

We take the recovery process very seriously. Our Centre consists of qualified team members who have had their

lives touched by addiction personally, so helping men and women achieve long-term recovery is a goal that we

approach with compassion and dedication.


30 Day Program – $11,500 + GST

Individual counselling
CBT and Life-skills workshops
First 7 steps of the 12 step program
Yoga and meditation
Physical exercise and activities
Weekly massage and acupuncture
Weekly on site Doctor appointments
Off site meetings


60 Day Program – $22,000 + GST

Individual counselling
CBT and extended Life-skills workshops
All 12 steps
Yoga and meditation
Physical exercise and activities
Weekly massage and acupuncture
Weekly on site Doctor appointments
Off site meetings
Family program


90 Day Program – $32,000 + GST

Individual counselling
CBT and extended Life-skills workshops
All 12 steps
Yoga and meditation
Physical exercise and activities
Weekly massage and acupuncture
Weekly on site Doctor appointments
Off site meetings
Family program
Grief and Trauma Therapy
Individualized advanced assignments


At Foothills Centre for Change, we know that everyone can recover from addiction with a treatment program that

is right for them.

Our clinicians utilize a wide variety of therapeutic approaches allowing us to personalize treatment for each

individual, based on his or her unique background and experience. Our treatment program integrates a well-

rounded balance of individual and group therapy sessions, 12-step facilitation, social activities, exercise, healthy

meals and time for relaxation and reflection. Learning these habits in everyday life is essential for people who

are determined to succeed in their recovery after the residential program is complete.

Our therapeutic and educational groups are designed to help individuals learn how to communicate honestly

with themselves and others, teach them important life skills, and process unpleasant feelings that often lead to

substance abuse. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) addresses negative thoughts and actions associated with

addiction, and clients learn practical strategies and skills to combat old habits. With a staff of talented

therapists, Foothills Centre provides individual therapy sessions for clients to help them address emotional

issues, grief / loss, and trauma that are quite often the underlying problem. By treating the whole person

(physically, mentally, emotionally and spiritually) and approaching addiction treatment from all angles, from

yoga and meditation to nutrition and social connection, our clients are given the opportunity to achieve lasting


We deliver vital services helping transition our clients from detox all the way through aftercare, where we provide

continued connection which is an essential part of successful recovery. We rely on the 12-step program as a

basis for continual support due to its proven effectiveness and success. Clients leave our care with Hope and

Confidence in living life substance free.

If you or someone you love is struggling with drugs or alcohol, know that freedom from addiction is an achievable

goal – help is just a phone call away.
Proud and happy to be in partnership with Bastion Medical Centre
Weekly sessions are provided for clients, on site, with Dr Carolyn Jones


Our Mission Statement:

foothills centre for change drug treatmentFoothills Center for Change values integrity, confidentiality, safety and

trust. We are committed to offering the best quality treatment. We dedicate ourselves to improving lives through

awareness, self discovery, change, healing and growth. We are devoted to our client’s well-being and will support

each individual along their journey in creating a life of hope, peace and happiness.



Our Vision:

Foothills Centre for Change will become a household name in the treatment industry. Foothills Centre for Change

will be the most sought after Addiction Centre as a result of our extraordinary service and exceptional client

Our Experience:

Over 50 combined years of dedicated client care + Over 85 combined years of staff recovery + Maximum 4:1

client to staff ratio = Ultimate opportunity for long term success for you!


Often considered the first stage of treatment, detoxification is the process by which the body clears itself of drugs

and/or alcohol. Our detox services are designed to monitor and manage the acute and potentially dangerous

physiological effects of stopping substance use, and to alleviate symptoms of withdrawal. Detoxification alone

does not address the psychological, social, and behavioral problems associated with addiction and therefore

does not typically produce lasting behavioral changes necessary for recovery. Detox should thus be followed by a

formal assessment to identify the most appropriate addiction treatment follow up.
Residential Treatment

Foothills Centre for Change offers an affordable, comprehensive addictions treatment program. We provide

services to adult men and women from all walks of life who struggle with an addictive lifestyle. Our competent

and caring staff have created a safe and serene environment for you to begin your recovery from alcohol, drugs

and other addictive behaviors. We can even help you get back into recovery after repeated relapses if motivated

toward change and desiring recovery.

Our goal at Foothills Centre for Change is to give hope and help to all those affected by an addictive lifestyle. We

do this through education and high quality holistic treatment. We offer you knowledge, support and a safe

environment which coupled with your own motivation and sincere desire to live a better life and achieve

recovery, will equal success without question. We love what we do and are passionate about partnering with our

clients to accomplish what they cannot do alone, and create a life beyond their expectations. The clients

willingness to change is an indispensable component in the success of their outcome with us. In addition to the

program here, we include support from and for the families and loved-ones of our clients, through scheduled

family retreats. We send each client home with an individualized aftercare plan that takes into consideration the

resources available in the client’s home community, with follow-up contact from our staff.

At Foothills Centre for Change, we use a combination of proven and evidence based methods to treat addiction

and prevent future relapses from occurring including: Motivational Interviewing Techniques, Cognitive Behavioral

Therapy, Matrix Model Techniques, the Gorski System for Relapse Prevention and the Principles and Steps of

Support Programs like AA and NA.

Due to our small client population, we can provide more one to one personal time than most any other facility.

Recovery at the Foothills Centre for Change allows you to identify the behavioral health issues that are affecting

your successful recovery from alcohol and drug addiction.

We believe in the need for Spirituality and consider this to be a very important aspect to recovery; however we

recognize that this can mean different things to different people. We respect the differences of our client

population and encourage their own personal spiritual journey.

We offer group therapy; gender specific men’s and women’s groups, individual therapy, as well as various other

activities such as meditation, yoga, and alternative therapies throughout the week.

Our program schedule includes plenty of time for you to enjoy this beautiful, safe and serene environment, with

morning meditation times as a part of our schedule. We also include time for physical activities, like yoga, tai

chi, trips to the fitness centre and hikes to the area’s most popular places.

You are special to us. You are the reason we are here, and we’re successful when you’re successful.

We also schedule Alumni Activities during the year to make it easier for you to keep up with the friends you

made and to further support your recovery. When additional needs arise, you are always welcome to come back

for a one to two week stay. After determining your needs, we will provide the best follow up to your initial

program, to get you back on track.

Day Program

At Foothills Centre for Change, we recognize that due to life’s commitments, not everyone can engage in a long

term residential stay. Therefore we have designed a day program that can be attended Monday to Saturday,

from 8:30 to 4:00 pm

Our Day Treatment is an intensive, abstinence-based, lifestyle change group, followed by an aftercare program.

The focus is to learn about addiction and recovery and provides clients with the tools they need to build a life-

long recovery plan.

Treatment components are trauma informed and primarily group based. Our therapists use a bio-psycho-social-

spiritual perspective, encompassing many different behavioral therapies and individual support. Various

psycho-educational groups are offered, as well as yoga, meditation and community support groups.

Prior to entering the day treatment program, individuals must attend a one-on-one intake session with a program

therapist, to assess stabilization and treatment readiness. Again the clients willingness to work hard along with a

true desire to change is absolutely necessary in order to succeed.
Family Program

The effects of active addiction on any family system are profoundly difficult and hard to understand for all

involved. The addict or alcoholic makes choices that are irrational, hurtful and sometimes driven by intense

anger. The members of the immediate family and surrounding members are left wondering who this person is

and what happened to their loved one. The confusion and resulting fear are debilitating.

Given these truths, shared with us from countless family members of addicts and alcoholics, the staff at

Foothills Centre for Change has designed family retreats with the primary goal of facilitating healing for all

involved. Educational topics specific to addictive illness, enabling, effective boundaries and codependency are

included along with time to rebuild their relationships with the addicted person with facilitation from our

competent and caring staff.

Answers to questions like these will be provided along with many others that families ask:

“What did we do to cause this change in our loved one?”
“Why don’t they just stop, don’t they realize what this is doing to us?”
“Why do I feel so helpless?”
“What do we do to make sure this does not happen again?” and
“What happens after treatment, what can we do to help?”

These retreats are scheduled to allow for maximum participation from the families involved and held on site at

our location in Salmon Arm, BC. We begin the retreat working with just the family members on a Friday

morning, continuing on through the following day with family group on Saturday, including the family member in

treatment with us. Lunch is provided on both days at the centre. There is then time on Saturday night and

Sunday morning for an extended visit leaving travel time on Sunday afternoon or evening for those families from

out of the area.

We know from experience that it is almost impossible for any family to intuitively know how to cope with active

addiction in the family system. Let us share our experience, strength and hope with each of you so the healing

can begin for all and so that you are not left feeling alone and left out of the treatment process.

We invite you to join us on this amazing journey to recovery.

Completing drug or alcohol rehab is a major accomplishment, but it doesn’t mean there is no more work to do.

During the weeks, months and even years after completing rehab, individuals in recovery are still at risk for


Statistics show that participants who have attended treatment are most vulnerable in the first few months after

their return to everyday life, and a high percentage of relapse occurs within three months of a return back into

the community.

We believe that the more treatment a person receives, the better his or her chances are of remaining clean &

sober, and it is important for successful recovery and continued sobriety to receive ongoing support, education,

relapse prevention strategies, community reintegration skills and fellowship.

At Foothills Centre for Change, we are committed to provide initial weekly phone contact, followed by an

additional monthly check-in for 6 months.

We are available for ongoing/unlimited phone support for any client needing continued reassurance and


We also offer weekly follow-up group sessions locally, for alumni to attend.
Second Stage Housing

Second stage housing is available to those in early recovery who are clean and sober, looking for a safe

environment. Total freedom can be much too tempting and risky for people newly in recovery. What we offer is

freedom along with structure, support, guidance and peers with the same goals and principles. We understand

how difficult it can be to face life’s challenges alone and how finances can create stress that leads to negative

feelings and triggers. We are committed to offer affordable housing in a beautiful and safe home and helping

people to incorporate responsibilities in a way that doesn’t become overwhelming or defeating.



The Disease of Addiction
We all have attitudes and judgments that affect how we think about and behave toward others. A major

challenge for those who have an addiction is facing and overcoming stigma. Many people believe that addiction

is a character flaw or a weakness in a person. They may believe that the alcoholic simply can’t hold their liquor.

Perhaps they think that the marijuana smoker just needs to stop. And they are likely to believe the person

struggling with methamphetamine abuse should just get over it. Unfortunately, it is not so easy to overcome

addiction, and there are many factors that contribute to continuing to use despite the negative consequences.

In fact, the scientific world today, has categorically proven, that when dealing with addiction, we are facing a

disease process in the brain that occurs at a chemical level.

The brain registers all pleasures in the same way. It does this through a complicated process, where the way we

learn is based on a reward system. Whether it is a psycho-active drug, winning the lottery, having sex, or a

satisfying meal, our brain rewards us by releasing dopamine, a chemical that makes us feel good. In fact,

dopamine is so consistently connected with pleasure that neuroscientists refer to that region of the brain as the

“pleasure center”. Different substances affect the pleasure center in different ways. But all substances of abuse,

from nicotine to heroin, cause the brain to release much larger quantities of dopamine. This can be 2 to 10

times the amount our brain would normally produce, creating the sense of being “high”.

Research today has found that not only does dopamine contribute to the experience of pleasure, but it is also

directly linked to learning, memory, and motivation. Current understanding of addiction identifies the interaction

between dopamine and another neurotransmitter, glutamate, which suggests that the “pleasure reward” system

between the two is so strong, that these chemicals can completely take over the brains system of reward-related

learning. What this means, is that the user learns faster and with more intensity since the release of dopamine is

so much larger.

Since the amount of dopamine released is abnormal, it floods the reward circuit in the brain and overloads it,

causing the brain to struggle to regain its usual chemical balance when the substance wears off. After prolonged

exposure to the substance, it can lead the brain to stop producing dopamine naturally, creating a physical

dependency which causes the abuser to use more just to feel normal.

Because of this learning process, the brains motivational center becomes reorganized, causing nerve cells in the

area of the brain involved in planning and executing tasks, to communicate in a way that couples liking

something, to needing it, which in turn, motivates us to take action to seek out the source of pleasure. In this

sense, the drug has essentially taken over the brain, and the addicted person is no longer in control of their

behavior. The abuser loses complete control over the act of seeking out, and taking the substance, no matter

what the consequence. This has led to the understanding that in order to effectively treat an addiction,

abstinence – total discontinuation of substance use – is necessary.

There is hope. Just as the brain can be re-wired to accommodate the chemical imbalance that occurs from

abusing substances, it can also work to restore the complicated systems towards their origin of functioning. At

Foothills Centre for Change, we realize repairing damage to the brain incurred from addiction is not an overnight

development. This can be a lengthy process that requires much patience, support, and willingness. The National

Institute on Drug Abuse suggests residential treatment participation for less than 90 days is of limited

effectiveness, and treatment lasting significantly longer is recommended for maintaining positive outcomes.

We are committed to this process and we hope you are too.



Approved Items to Bring to Treatment

Enough comfortable, modest, wash and wear clothing for about 7 days (must cover mid section, appropriate

neck line for female residents)
Exercise clothing, including one piece bathing suit for women and runners
Appropriate sleep wear
Comfortable shoes- sandals for summer, boots for winter and slippers
Sweaters/jackets for fall-spring or light jacket/sweat shirt for summer
Hats, sunscreen, sunglasses for spring and summer. Hats, gloves and scarves for winter
Toiletries: toothbrush, toothpaste, deodorant, non-alcohol mouth wash, body wash, shaving supplies, hair

products & dryer
Prescribed medications if applicable
If you smoke, bring enough tobacco for your stay
Small travel alarm clock is suggested but not necessary
May bring any hobby items ( knitting or sketch books etc.)
Please do not bring more than $100 cash with you
Personal ID ( drivers license or passport)
Care Card
Credit Card for incidentals such as medications
Portable media player (iPod, Mp3 player) or small personal CD player with headphones – usage will be limited
Written list of your important phone numbers

Items NOT to Bring to Treatment

Camera/video recorder
We strongly discourage cell phones and laptops during treatment
Perfumes and colognes
Nail polish and remover
Aerosol products, including deoderant and hair spray
No products containing alcohol
Any clothing with explicit messages or photos, including alcohol advertisment
Valuables such as jewelry etc. we are not responsible for lost or stolen items



Salmon Arm
Home Places to Go Salmon Arm Things to Do

Things to Do
Kids swimming (Picture BC photo)

Kids swimming (Picture BC photo)

Salmon Arm lies on the shores of Shuswap Lake, a primary focus for outdoor recreation, while the surrounding

highlands and mountains add depth to the recreational menu.

Salmon Arm also offers a selection of historic and cultural attractions.
Natural Sights, Parks & Wildlife

Get out the binoculars and telephoto lenses around Salmon Arm Bay, a vital wetland unique in the BC Interior.

Home to the largest breeding colony of western grebes in the province, it’s also a nesting ground and resting area

for migrating birds. Some 250 of the 500 species known in BC make use of this marshland each year.

Hike the short trail to Margaret Falls in Herald Provincial Park for a look at old growth cedars, the 61m/200ft

waterfall and more birds. Follow the shoreline of the Adams River in Roderick Haig-Brown Provincial Park to

witness the spectacle of the Adams River Sockeye Salmon Run. Motor up the Seymour Arm of Shuswap Lake and

beach the boat for a hike to spectacular Albas Falls.

Water Activities

Lounge on the beach, swim in the warm waters of Shuswap Lake or take a stroll on the 300m/984ft curved

Salmon Arm Pier. Canoe or kayak around the wetlands in Salmon Arm Bay or load the family aboard a

houseboat and motor off to one of the secluded coves or beaches of Shuswap Lake Marine Park. Water skiing,

wakeboarding and windsurfing are popular on areas of the lake away from the wetlands. Anglers, troll in

Shuswap Lake, fly cast for trout in renowned White Lake or dangle a line in the myriad small lakes in the

surrounding highlands, also great for ice fishing.
Land Activities

Trails for hiking, cycling and horseback riding abound in and around Salmon Arm. Walk the foreshore of

Shuswap Lake for a close look at the marshland, take to the countryside for a quiet rural ride or head to the

highlands for easy to challenging outings on forest trails, logging roads and cross-country ski trails.

Walk to a waterfall, hike among the wildflowers in a mountain meadow or jack up the adrenaline on a technical

mountain bike ride. For a little more tame adventure, tee up for a round of golf on one of Salmon Arm’s

championship or executive courses.
Winter Activities

Free-heelers, strap on the cross-country skis and tackle trails at the Larch Hills Cross Country Ski Area,

20km/12mi from Salmon Arm. Many summertime hiking trails are also good for cross-country skiing and

snowshoeing, although they aren’t groomed or track-set. Conditions for snowmobiling are ideal on the Fly Hills

plateau just 10 minutes from Salmon Arm. Ride more than 200km/125mi of trails with good powder and a

season that reliably lasts from November to May. Hockey fans, take in a game of the Salmon Arm SilverBacks

Junior A hockey team at the Sunwave Centre.
History & the Arts

Walk right into local history at the RJ Haney Heritage Village & Museum. Visit the 1910 farmhouse, Mt. Ida

Church, Broadview School, 1890s homesteader’s log cabin, Chinese cookhouse, blacksmith shop, filling station,

fire hall and the Queest Mountain forestry lookout tower. Explore museum exhibits and stop for homemade

soup, sandwiches and pie in Marjorie’s Tea Room or make reservations for the Villains & Vittles dinner theatre, a

portrayal of life for early settlers performed three times weekly during July and August.

For a taste of today’s culture, view the works of local and regional artists at the SAGA Public Art Gallery, located

downtown in Salmon Arm’s first post office building. A short walk away, Loriginals Gallery handles local painters,

leatherworkers and potters while Gondwana Gallery sells the work of African artisans. In addition, several artists

in Salmon Arm welcome visitors to their studios.

Fans of the performing arts take in a production of the provincial award-winning Shuswap Theatre or catch a film

screening hosted by the Shuswap Film Society at the Salmar Classic Theatre.

Salmon Arm has never strayed from its agricultural roots. Buy fresh local fruits and vegetables produced by

family farmers at Pedro Gonzales Fruit Stand. Wander among the apple trees and take home a bouquet from the

U-cut garden at Hanna & Hanna Farm Market. Meet the animals in the petting zoo and try to make it through the

corn maze at De Mille’s Farm Market. Revel in the scent of the flowers over afternoon tea at Carlin Hill Lavender.

Visit the cows that produce the milk that makes the cheese at Gort’s Gouda Cheese Farm.

Sample the award-winning cool climate wines of the Shuswap Lake country. Larch Hills Winery is a family-run

operation located southeast of Salmon Arm. Recline Ridge Vineyards and Winery and Granite Creek Estate Wines

are located in Tappen, west of Salmon Arm. All three wineries welcome visitors.
Festivals & Events

Salmon Arm is world renowned as the home of the annual Salmon Arm Roots & Blues Festival. Listen to jazz,

blues, folk and ethnic music by top performers on the outdoor main stage, with Mount Ida and a Shuswap sunset

as the backdrop.
Driving Routes

Explore Salmon Arm’s provincial and marine parks, wineries, farms, museums, and seasonal outdoor recreation

opportunities along the Mountains and Vineyards Circle Route. Find out more about driving



Where People Come To Heal…

Located in the sunny serene Shuswap, BC Canada. Our private co-ed centre offers the utmost in confidentiality,

respect, safety, individual counselling and aftercare support. The home-like setting, small client population,

proven effective program and nutritious gourmet meals create the foundation needed to rediscover yourself and

recover from addiction and alcoholism. Our staff will support and guide you to renewed beginnings full of hope,

trust, awareness and freedom.

Our premier Centre provides highly skilled and dedicated professionals with years of experience and recovery.

Our trained and caring staff provides structured holistic addictions treatment programming that evolved from

many years of experience, education and, most importantly, our own personal addiction recoveries.

We know – first hand – what will work to separate you from the seemingly endless cycle of addiction.

Allow our treatment team to serve as your guide as you begin your personal journey into recovery. We will focus

on your individual needs, as well as those of your family, and aftercare plans. We know, from our collective

experience, how important the follow through on your individual recovery will be to long term success.

Here is what you can expect from us:Journey

High Success Rate
Out-Patient Intensive Day Program
Residential Treatment
Second Stage Housing
Continuous Aftercare
Family Program
In House Chef
Intimate Setting with Exceptional one to one Support
Personalized not Institutionalized
Trust – Compassion – Confidentiality
Integrity – Respect – Commitment

Simply put, we will do all that we promise for you and your family.

We will lovingly and effectively confront your addictions, and help you expand room in your heart and soul for

your spirit to not only grow, but to soar! Let us guide you through the steps to a new tomorrow. You are worth the


Program Methods:

Wellness Focus (physical, mental, emotional and spiritual)
12 Step work
Life Coaching
Life Skills Work Shops
Cognitive Behavioral / Narrative Therapy
Grief and Trauma Counselling
Educational lectures and videos
Fun, interactive activities



Stigma and Substance Use

by Darren | Nov 22, 2017 | Foothills News |

The concept of stigma describes the powerful, negative perceptions commonly associated with substance use

and addiction. Stigma has the potential to negatively affect a person’s self-esteem, damage relationships with

loved ones, and prevent those suffering from addiction from accessing treatment. They can feel pushed to the

outskirts of society and may lose touch with their community and family and experience profound loneliness and

isolation. When a person does not have social ties or a person to talk to, they are less likely to reach out for

healthcare or treatment. They are also more likely to be depressed and may hide their drug use from health care

providers to avoid further stigma and drug shaming. The mental health consequences of isolation can fuel even

more drug use, leading to further isolation, and ultimately a vicious cycle that is hard to be break out of.

There are many reasons why people develop mental health and substance use problems, but regardless of why

and how they develop, these problems are health problems—just like cancer, arthritis, diabetes and heart

attacks. And stigma has become a public health issue — it contributes to high rates of death, incarceration, and

mental health concerns among substance use populations, and whether we realize it or not, we are all affected

by it.

Did you know?

​1 person in 5 in Canada (over 6 million people) will have a mental health problem during their lifetime.
1 in 7 Canadians aged 15 and older (about 3.5 million people) have alcohol-related problems;
1 in 20 (about 1.5 million) have cannabis-related concerns;
Use of at least one of five illicit drugs (cocaine or crack, speed, ecstasy, hallucinogens or heroin) was reported

by 2% of Canadians (458,000)
Mental health and substance use problems affect people of all ages, education and income levels, religions,

cultures and types of jobs.

It’s likely that you, a family member, or friend will have a substance use or mental health problem at some time

in your life. Yet in spite of that, there is still an overall perception in society today, that those who are inflicted

with this disorder are bad people, deviants, immoral and lack self-control.

Stigma affects all of us – and nearly everyone has felt stigmatized or has stigmatized others at some point in


Effective ways for individuals to help reduce stigma include:

Offering compassionate support.
Displaying kindness to people in vulnerable situations.
Listening while withholding judgment.
Seeing a person for who they are, not what drugs they use.
Doing your research; learning about substance use disorders and how they work.
Treating people with disorders with dignity and respect.
Avoiding hurtful labels.



What is Personalized Treatment

by Darren | Nov 15, 2017 | Foothills News |

Every year, millions of people enter rehab for addiction. Some treatment centers only offer generalized programs

to help as many people as possible, but these can sometimes fall short for some clients. While different

addictions may appear similar to an outsider, the way in which substances affect the body differ. This is

especially true when considering the individual factors that contribute to the development of a substance use

disorder, the severity of it, and the way in which it is treated.

Addiction can develop for any number of reasons. Biological, social, and environmental factors are variables that

are at the root of addiction, and the variability of these factors between people is important to consider. For

some, genetic predisposition plays a significant role, while for others, the inability to cope with stress or negative

social situations leads them to use drugs or alcohol to ease discomfort. In some cases, people begin

experimenting with substances and gradually become dependent, while others grow to depend on drugs or

alcohol in order to endure symptoms of co-occurring mental health disorders or physical disabilities. Due to

varying circumstances, it would not make sense to treat individuals with the same methods when the influences

on their substance use vary so dramatically. Recognizing the unique struggles of each person in treatment can

help ensure clients receive quality care designed to address their specific needs.

Aside from individual therapeutic needs, clients may have different needs in terms of the withdrawal process,

the duration of rehab, and aftercare services. Because of these varying factors, it is impossible to create a one-

size-fits-all treatment program that will be equally effective for everyone. Rather than trying to create a standard

form of treatment, Foothills Centre for Change offers individualized care for clients. A personalized treatment

plan begins with an assessment by an addiction counselor. In order to create a realistic and personalized

treatment plan, the individual’s substance use, medical, and psycho-social history must be assessed.

Participating in sessions with a counselor will provide the opportunity to identify any underlying causes of

addiction and potential triggers. Counselors can use this information to identify treatment services that not only

treat the underlying cause of addiction, but to also provide new coping skills and relapse prevention strategies

that fit the individual’s specific needs.

Each person has a unique set of influences—from personal history to co-occurring disorders—that contribute to

the development of a substance use disorder thus making personalized treatment for addiction vital. The bottom

line… Personalized treatment plans provide individuals with a better chance at long-term recovery.




The Average Costs of Drug and Alcohol Rehab

by Darren | Oct 18, 2017 | Foothills News |

When people want to stop using drugs and alcohol, rehab centres usually offer the best hope for recovery.

However, one of the obstacles people face is paying for treatment. The costs of rehab continue to increase

around the world, but there are ways for people to get the help they need.

How Much Does Rehab Cost?

The cost of substance use treatment in the United States has risen dramatically in the last decade. Today, it’s

hard to locate a treatment program for under $20,000 US. The most popular rehab facilities charge from

$28,000 to $45,000 for a four-week inpatient program. In Canada, the most popular rehab centres start at

about $14,000 for a month-long stay.

Why Cost Shouldn’t Matter

Some people use the cost of rehab as a reason not to get into recovery. However, the cost of rehab should be

seen as an investment, not an expense. Recovery offers many benefits beyond just a clean and sober future.

Rehab also gives people the tools they need to cope with life’s challenges, develop healthy boundaries, and learn

valuable communication skills to handle conflict without needing drugs or alcohol. Many employment insurance

programs help fund treatment, as well as Medical Finance companies like MediCard, who provide loans for

medical issues. People need to keep in mind that the money they spent buying drugs and alcohol can now be

used to pay for recovery. Also, the money you spend on treatment can be used as a benefit when filling your

taxes. The money shouldn’t prevent a substance user from seeking treatment. It’s important to find a way to pay

for rehab because the costs and benefits affect not only the individuals, but society as a whole in many ways.



Things You Should Know About Addiction

by Darren | Oct 10, 2017 | Foothills News |

Most people know that addictions cause harm to the body, mind, and spirit, as well as to the families and loved

ones of the person suffering an addiction. They also know that there can be problems in social settings, work life

and finances as the addiction makes it harder to function regularly without using the substance. And while most

people know the basics, there are some key facts that everyone should know about addiction. Whether you’re

suffering an addiction, or have a friend or family member who is suffering, here are ten things you should know:


1. Addiction is a Disease

Addiction is a very real disease that requires addiction treatment and frequently needs medical attention in

order to be overcome. While it has both biological and environmental components, in most cases some type of

medical intervention is required for a full recovery.

2. Addiction Can Strike Anyone

Addiction is equally possible in affluent persons as well as those below the poverty line. Race, ethnicity and

gender make little difference when it comes to addiction. Although some addictions can be slightly more

prevalent in specific groups, addiction can potentially strike anyone in any life circumstance. No single factor

can predict exactly when or who addiction will strike.

3. Addiction Changes the Brain in Specific Ways

Drugs and alcohol disrupt the way the brain functions by either overstimulating its reward center or mimicking

natural chemical messengers. In effect they “fool” the brain, activating false messages and brain chemistry, or

overloading it with abnormally large amounts of neurotransmitters such as dopamine. This rewarding feeling

fuels the person’s desire to feel it again, and drives them to keep using the drug. Long-term drug use also alters

other neurotransmitters connected with decision making, learning, memory and good judgment.

4. Many Addicted Persons Face Mental Health Issues as Well

Many people who suffer from addiction have what is called a “co-occurring disorder”; this means that alongside

their addiction, they have at least one mental health issue. This can be an anxiety disorder, PTSD (post-traumatic

stress disorder), depression, bipolar disorder, a personality disorder, or schizophrenia. A recent National Survey

on Drug Use and Health found that over 40 percent of those with a substance use disorder had a mental health

issue as well. Also, people with a mental illness are twice as likely to use drugs.

5. Multiple Factors Can Contribute to Addiction and No Two Cases Are Identical

While family history can predispose someone to addiction, it is not a guarantee. The truth is that no one factor is

predictive of drug addiction. Risk is influenced by many factors including biology, environment, and life stresses

and circumstances. The more risk factors a person has, the greater their risk of becoming addicted to a

substance. Family history, genetics, environment, peer pressure, abuse, and the age at which drugs are first tried

all factor into a person’s risk for addiction. Just as each person is unique, the nature of their addiction will be


6. Addiction Can Take Hold with Just a Single Use of Many Substances

Many drugs can cause addiction after just one use; heroin, methamphetamine and cocaine are just a few

examples. Alcohol and marijuana can cause addiction after just a few tries, depending on the contributing


7. Addiction is Not an Indicator of Poor Character

Many people mistakenly think drug users lack morals and principles. But this is simply untrue; addiction is a very

real medical condition, and should be treated as such. Morality has nothing to do with addiction, and only serves

to shift attention away from a focus on recovery.

8. Willpower Alone Isn’t Enough for Recovery

While will power is a component of overcoming any habit we wish to change, it isn’t enough to overcome most

drug addictions. Treatment of the roots of the issue as well as ongoing aftercare is usually required for lasting

relief from the disease of addiction.

9. Addiction is Treatable

Addiction is not a hopeless condition; it is a treatable disease that responds to professional help. The key is

receiving customized care from a professional facility that knows how to treat the client’s specific addiction. A

combination of addiction treatment medicines, behavioral therapy and ongoing aftercare is highly effective in

many cases. Treatment should be tailored to each individual’s specific addiction and situation address any co-

occurring issues.

10. Relapse Can Happen, But Recovery is Attainable

The National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) says relapse is as common in addiction recovery as it is in other

chronic diseases such as diabetes, asthma and hypertension. It doesn’t mean the person has failed, just that

their treatment plan should be reinstated as soon as possible or adjusted. In most cases, addiction will have to

be managed for the rest of the person’s life. However, recovery is possible, and addicted persons as well as their

families and loved ones should draw hope and inspiration from this fact.



Entering into addiction rehab can provide you the opportunity to learn what to expect during the post acute

phase and teach you how to recognize how these symptoms can manifest. If you understand what the symptoms

are, you are in a position to manage them.

PAWS symptoms can include:

Inability to think clearly
Memory problems
Emotional overreactions or numbness
Sleep disturbances
Physical coordination problems
Stress sensitivity

Foothills Centre for Change will educate you around successful management of your alcohol or drug withdrawal

symptoms to help you feel better physically and emotionally, improve your self-esteem, and reduce your risk of




What to Look for in Scientifically Sound Rehab Programs

by Darren | Oct 1, 2017 | Foothills News |

As described in an article from the National Institute of Drug Addiction, research-based findings means that

addiction treatment is most likely to result in long-term recovery when treatment helps a person learn to manage

the addiction, starting with medically assisted detox and continuing through behavioral therapies, and post-

treatment tools and strategies that support the individual in continuing addiction management techniques.

These processes are most thorough and robust in residential treatment programs where the person can fully

detox from the addictive substance with medical support, spend time in therapy with qualified therapists who

teach what addiction management looks like, and prepares the person by supplying tools and support structure

that can be accessed after treatment is completed in order to sustain abstinence and maintain long-term


These elements are all important when looking for a scientifically sound rehab program. Research-based

practices that result in predictable outcomes and long-term recovery are the types of programs to seek out.

Because of the slight difference in the definitions of evidence-based and research-based practices, some

treatment centers may use these terms interchangeably. In order to determine whether a rehab center that

claims to be evidence-based is actually using research-based strategies, some questions to ask might be:

Are your practices based on outcomes or on current research?
What are your research sources?
Are you aware of the most current studies on drug addiction treatment?
How do you measure your success rates?
Do you follow a comprehensive series of treatment practices customized to your clients?
Do you use medically supported treatments and proven practices for therapy?

By carefully investigating the facility’s methods and basis for treatment before committing to a program, a

person struggling with addiction can find the program that has the most research and evidence behind it.



Many Canadians may not be aware that recovery from addiction is possible. But it is and it can last. That’s what

CCSA discovered through the Life in Recovery from Addiction in Canada survey—the first nationwide survey

investigating recovery in Canada. The findings were developed into a report to help Canadians learn about the

recovery process in Canada.


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